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Author Archives: Michael L. Grace

Hitler’s Cruise Line

Kraft durch Freude,KDF, Hamburg-Amerika Line, Norddeutscher Lloyd and Hamburg-South America Line, Dresden, Der Deutsche, Oceana, Monte Olivia, KdF cruises, SS Robert Ley, ss Wilhelm Gustloff, maritime disasters

The Germans (Nazis) developed the VW, created the first cruise line and built the first ships designed exclusively for cruising. The first cruise line… The Germans operated the first steamship line with ships exclusively devoted to cruising. The Kdf – Kroft durch Freude (Strength through Joy) leisure organization, a part ... Read More »